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Richard Payne (email), Aoibheann Kilfeather, Jaap van, Jeffrey Blackford

Turvekerroksen ajoittaminen vulkaanisen tuhkan avulla

Payne R., Kilfeather A., van J., Blackford J. Turvekerroksen ajoittaminen vulkaanisen tuhkan avulla.

English title: Experiments on the taphonomy of tephra in peat


Understanding the taphonomy of tephra (volcanic ash) is crucial to the use of tephrochronology in peatlands. This study uses field experiments on a Scottish peatland to investigate the post-depositional movement of tephra in peat. Experiments were designed to investigate the temporal change in tephra profiles over a 24-month study period, the horizontal distribution of tephra and the microscopic distribution of tephra particles within the peat. Tephra concentration profiles show that the majority of tephra shards are retained within the top cm of peat with small numbers penetrating to a maximum of 6 cm depth. This distribution would be reduced as the peat is compressed with subsequent accumulation. Examination of thin sections from the plots indicates that tephra movement may be dependent on the microscopic structure of the peat, especially porosity. These results provide general support to the use of tephrochronology although further work will be required, particularly in other peat types and environments.

peatland; tephra; taphonomy; Achnacree

  • Payne, Department of Geography, Queen May, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS United Kingdom Sähköposti ei.tietoa@nn.oo (sähköposti)
  • Kilfeather, Sähköposti ei.tietoa@nn.oo
  • van, Sähköposti ei.tietoa@nn.oo
  • Blackford, Sähköposti ei.tietoa@nn.oo

Vastaanotettu 31.10.2017 Julkaistu 1.1.2005

Katselukerrat 945

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Creative Commons License CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

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