Artikkelit jotka sisältää sanan 'heavy metal'

Theodore Karyotis, Athanasios Haroulis, Evagelia Vavoulidou, Pericles Papadopoulos. Soil properties and distribution of heavy metals and boron within three Greek Histosols.
Avainsanat: heavy metals; boron; histosols; sequential extraction; soil subsidence
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Three Greek soil profiles originating mostly from lacustrine deposits in the district of Filippoi (Northern Greece), were studied. These soils have been formed both from organic and inorganic materials that were deposited by precipitation and developed through the action of aquatic organisms. According to Soil Taxonomy (1992), they are classified as Histosols and belong to the suborder of Saprists. The pH of the soil horizons ranged among soil horizons from 6.2 to 7.8. The total soil nitrogen content ranged between 7.5 and 17.0 g kg–1 and the soil organic matter was between 108.7 and 206.4 g kg–1 . Calcium carbonate was detected into ten horizons and ranged between 1.4 and 27.8%, whilst it was not found in five of the examined soil layers. This is suggested to reflect the presence or absence of aquatic organisms, the shells of which contain CaCO3 and enrich soil by means of weathering. Heavy metals extracted by 4 M HNO3 were in the following order Fe>Mn>Zn>Pb>Ni>Cu>Cd, and their average concentrations were 7190, 294, 72.3, 58.2, 33.3, 17.3 and 5.1 µg g–1 , respectively. The distribution of trace elements greatly differs amongst the examined samples and the range of the pseudototal form of Fe was 1873–18550 µg g–1 , of Mn 54.7–585, of Cu 4.5–40, of Zn 22.0–185, of Pb 20.5–143, of Ni 15–64.7 and Cd 3.3–6.9 µg g–1 . The sequentially extracted by Na2 -EDTA, HNO3 and NaOH were found to be the prevailing metal forms. Iron deficiency symptoms have been observed in certain crops, and manganese deficiency was also detected in some maize crops cultivated in slightly alkaline soils. Furthermore, the plant available boron concentration was determined, as deficiency symptoms were observed in some districts cultivated with sugar beets. The distribution was generally not influenced by soil properties, although a weak relationship between organic carbon and boron was found. Measures such as rational water management, tillage practices, and fertilization could be applied towards minimization of soil degradation, micronutrient disorders and optimization of crop productivity.
  • Karyotis, National Agricultural Research Foundation, Institute for Soil Mapping and Classification, 1 Theophrastou Str., 41335 Larissa, Greece Sähköposti: ei.tietoa@nn.oo (sähköposti)
  • Haroulis, Sähköposti: ei.tietoa@nn.oo
  • Vavoulidou, Sähköposti: ei.tietoa@nn.oo
  • Papadopoulos, Sähköposti: ei.tietoa@nn.oo
Kimmo Tolonen. Mitä suoarkistot voivat meille tulevaisuudessa kertoa?
English title: What would be the significance of peat archives in the future?
Avainsanat: Carbon balance; dating; fire; DDT; global warming; heavy metals; PAHs
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An attempt is made to predict the progress of mire palaeoecological research in the near future. The prognosis is made in the light of recent advances in the field. Examples of some multi-faceted topics are given. They include ancient climatic changes for understanding the present changes, the greenhouse-effect, problems and new innovations in dating, organic pollutants such as PAHs and DDT, heavy metals and related air pollutants, man-made radionuclides, initiation of peatlands, peat growth, and fire history. Keywords: Carbon balance, dating, fire, DDT, global warming, heavy metals, PAHs
  • Tolonen, Department of Biology, University of Joensuu, P.O. Box 111, SF-80101 Joensuu, Finland Sähköposti: ei.tietoa@nn.oo (sähköposti)
Mohamed M. El Bouraie, Ahmed A. El, Mohamed Yehia, Eman A. Motawea. Raskasmetallipitoisuudet jokivedessä ja pohjasedimenteissä Niilin suistossa Egyptissä.
English title: Heavy metal concentrations in surface river water and bed sediments at Nile Delta in Egypt.
Avainsanat: water quality; River Nile; Nile Delta; Rosetta Branch; surface water; bed sediment; heavy metal; concentration; pollution
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Rosetta Branch of river Nile is subjected to severe pollutants of domestic, sewage, agricultural and industrial pollution. In this study, the distribution of heavy metals (Al, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) were measured in surface river water and the bed sediments of Rosetta Branch and the impacts of heavy metals on the water quality were monitored. The heavy metal concentrations in river water and their contents in the bed sediments were studied three times before, during and after winter period (low flow conditions) from August 2007 to April 2008. The heavy metal concentrations in the river sediments were remarkably high, but varied among sampling points, and the concentrations in water were mainly within the permissible limits. The heavy metal contents in bed sediment were highest during closure of winter period. Attention should be paid to mitigate element mobilization from sediments as their effects may become significant during seasons and years of low water flow in the river. Constant monitoring of the Nile river water quality is needed to record any alteration in the quality and mitigate outbreak of health disorders and the detrimental impacts on the aquatic ecosystem.
  • El Bouraie, Mohamed M. El Bouraie, Central Laboratory for Environmental Quality Monitoring (CLEQM), National Water Research Center (NWRC), Cairo, Egypt, email: Sähköposti: ei.tietoa@nn.oo (sähköposti)
  • El, Sähköposti: ei.tietoa@nn.oo
  • Yehia, Sähköposti: ei.tietoa@nn.oo
  • Motawea, Sähköposti: ei.tietoa@nn.oo

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